An Overview Of Macronutrients

Our diets should fulfill all our nutritional requirements to lead a healthy and active life. The fruits, vegetables, and meat we consume provide us with macronutrients and micronutrients to work optimally. What are macronutrients? Also, what is the macro definition?

Macronutrients are a group of foods that help our bodies generate energy and function. The three essential macronutrients are protein, carbohydrates, and fat. This blog is for you if you ask, ‘what are macros?’ You will also learn about macronutrient foods, how to count macros, and use macronutrients for fat loss. So, let’s dive to discover what are macronutrients.

Macro Definition – What Are Macronutrients?

Macronutrients form the largest part of our diets as per macro definition. They provide energy for our bodies to perform various tasks and maintain different body systems. We need to consume macronutrient foods in large amounts. The word also means large and comes from the Greek term ‘makros.’

Three primary nutritional elements fall under the macro definition:

  • Carbohydrates or carbs
  • Protein
  • Fats

You should aim to eat enough macronutrients along with vitamins and minerals. A wholesome diet contains all three macronutrients, the amounts of which may vary as per your health goals. For example, some people ask how to count macros or utilize macronutrients for weight loss. Food sources that contain macronutrients may provide the body with micronutrients like vitamins and minerals.

Importance Of Macronutrients For Weight Loss

You got your answer if you have been asking, ‘what are macros?’ Now, you may ask, ‘what are macronutrients functions?’ Now, most people get around 45-65% of their macronutrient range from the carbs they eat in a day. Around 10-35% of the macronutrient range comes from protein. So, what you eat determines whether you’re getting the right macronutrients for fat loss.

Importance Of Macronutrients

1. Carbohydrates

Carbs act as the primary fuel for generating energy for high-intensity exercises. Carbs may also provide energy for our brains and central nervous system. Moreover, carbs help us prevent muscle loss during working out by providing fuel to our bodies. As per WebMD, carbs should provide 45% to 65%[1] of your daily calories.

2. Protein

Protein helps in the development of muscle mass and tissues. It also plays a role in different bodily functions, such as regulating hormones and metabolism. According to WebMD, we should consume 0.36 grams of protein for each pound of body weight. However, athletes and people with active lifestyles may intake more protein. It’s something you need to remember when intaking macronutrients for fat loss.

3. Fats

Fats provide essential fatty acids our bodies can’t produce. They also provide energy and help in the absorption of vitamins. Fats should provide 20% to 35% of your daily calories, says WebMD.

4. Food Sources Of Carbohydrates, Protein, and Fat

What are the macro’s food sources? Where can we get our carbs, protein, and fats from? Here is everything you need to know.

What Are Macros Carbs Sources?

Fruits, vegetables, and whole grains contain healthy carbs. You can also eat peas, beans, and lentils. Low-fat dairy products and rice can also help you get enough carbs. However, you should avoid unhealthy carbs that can make you gain weight or lead to diabetes. The list includes food items such as refined flour, candies, cookies, cereals, and so on.

What Are Macros Protein Sources?

Plant-based eating like lentils and beans can provide you with a healthy dose of protein. You may also try animal protein derived from fish, meat, and eggs. Additionally, you may get protein from:

  • Soy milk, tofu, and tempeh
  • Vegetable and fruit seeds
  • Nuts
  • Whole grains like brown rice and oats

Protein may come from unhealthy foods that you should limit. For example, red meat like beef is high in protein but not suitable for regular intake. Moreover, processed meat like hotdogs and bacon contains saturated fats. Too much saturated fat is bad for us and can cause obesity and other health consequences.

What Are Macros Fats Sources?

Macros fats sources

The healthiest sources of fat come from plant foods. You can consume enough fats by including olives, avocados, and nuts in your meals. Oils such as olive oil, soybean oil, and peanut oil also contain protein.

Moreover, fatty fish like salmon and sardine are healthy sources of protein. It is necessary to limit the intake of certain protein products to stay healthy. The list includes high-fat dairy products, red meat, processed meat, and tropical oils.

They may come with trans fat and increase your bad cholesterol. Plant sources do not have any concern about raising bad cholesterol and affecting your health.

Diets With Macronutrients

What are macronutrients diets to follow to achieve your fitness goals? Below are a few examples you may try:

The Keto Diet

The ketogenic or keto diet is highly beneficial in burning fat. What are the macronutrients you need to control in a keto diet?

  • A high intake of healthy fats
  • Restricting consumption of carbs

There are different types of keto diets for various fitness goals.

Weight Loss Macro Diets

What are the macros’ weight loss diets? Any macros diet may work to reduce weight as long as you can create a calorie deficit. That means you should consume fewer calories than your body burns daily. As a result, you can lose weight and ensure you get the right macronutrients for fat loss.

What Are Macronutrients Diets For Muscle Building?

Macro diets can help you develop lean muscle mass and strength. You need to consume more calories and increase your protein intake. However, to ensure that you lose weight, you need to have the right diet plan. Part of that includes finding the correct macronutrient distribution range you can stick with and focusing on intaking foods that have fewer calories.

What Are Macros Diets For Cutting?

Find and stick to the right macronutrient balance tailored to your needs. Ensure good nutrition and work out regularly. Bodybuilders often go through bulking and cutting macro diets to maintain their physique. The cutting stage involves losing weight and preserving lean muscle mass by limiting carbs and fats. The bulking stage involves weight gain with more protein and healthy fats.

What’s The Difference Between Macronutrients And Micronutrients?

Macronutrients And Micronutrients

Knowing ‘what are macros’ is only one part of the equation for a healthy life. You also need to focus on micronutrients to fulfill your nutritional requirements.

What Are Micronutrients?

As the name suggests, micronutrients refer to nutritional elements that our bodies need in small amounts. The most important micronutrients are vitamins and minerals that we get from vegetables, fruits, and animal products.

Macronutrients Vs. Micronutrients: The Essential Differences

The vital difference between macro and micronutrients is the number of micronutrient foods we need to eat. However, they do not add calories to your diet but make way for staying healthy.

It may be easier to fulfill your macro requirements even with an unhealthy diet. For example, eating refined flour can help you meet your carb requirements, even if it’s not healthy. Consequently, you need to eat a varied diet with enough plant foods to ensure you get enough vitamins and minerals. Moreover, the elements of micronutrients are different from macronutrients. The most important macronutrients are:

  • Vitamin A, B, C, D, E, and K
  • Minerals like potassium, magnesium, calcium, and more

Some vitamins are water-soluble, while others are fat-soluble. Additionally, our body needs minerals in different amounts.

What Should My Macro Breakdown Be?

Your health and fitness goals will decide the proper macro breakdown for your needs. For example, a bodybuilder may focus on consuming more protein to build muscle mass. So, they may consume:

  • 40% calories from protein
  • 30% calories from carbs
  • 30% calories from fats

Consequently, a person without an active lifestyle should eat less protein, or you may reduce your fat intake if you are using macronutrients for fat loss. On the other hand, you may derive 65% of your calories from carbs if you want to gain weight. Moreover, factors like age and medical history play a part in your macro breakdown.

How To Count Macros?

Count Macros

Many people count macronutrients for weight loss apart from asking, what are macronutrients? Here is how you can count macronutrients for weight loss:

Find Out Calories Provided By Macros

Each macronutrient provides different calories:

  • 1 gram of protein = 4 calories
  • 1 gram of carb = 4 calories
  • 1 gram of fat = 9 calories

Determine Total Macro Calories

Find out the total calories your diet or food provides. For example, if you eat 10 grams of protein, you get (4 x 10) 40 calories.

Find Your Macro Percentage

Determine the percentage of each macro by dividing the calories of each macro by the total calories consumed. Next, multiply the number to get your macro ratio. Moreover, you can rely on a diary or mobile apps if you are wondering, ‘how to count macros?’

Benefits Of Knowing Macronutrients Foods

What Are Macronutrients Foods Knowledge Benefits?

  • You can choose a healthy diet plan rich in micronutrients with the correct information. For example, pastries provide enough calories but contain unhealthy sugar.
  • Choosing the right macronutrients may help you in weight management. You can consume fewer calories than you burn to lose weight.
  • Knowing macro foods helps you attain your fitness or health goals. For example, you can cut down on fats and carbs if your goal is to stay slim.
  • You can meet your daily nutritional requirements by having a solid knowledge of macro foods. You don’t need to ask, ‘what are macros?’ anymore.


You should aim to get 45% to 65% of calories from carbohydrates, 10% to 35% from protein, and 20% to 35% from fats to lose weight.

The 7 types of macronutrient foods include protein, carbs, fats, fiber, water, minerals, and vitamins.

The most important macronutrient is protein. It helps in building and maintaining the structure and muscles of our bodies.

The 4 macronutrients include protein, carbs, fats, and fiber. You can derive them from plant and animal sources like meat and dairy.

Final Thoughts

We hope our blog has answered the question, ‘what are macronutrients?’ The main macros are protein, carbs, and fat. The regulation of the amount of each macronutrient you consume has a direct effect on your health and fitness goals.

It is always best to get your nutritional requirements from plant-based sources and stay away from processed or sugary foods. Moreover, you can rely on different macronutrient diets to ensure you can achieve your objectives. Lastly, focus on getting enough micronutrients like vitamins along with macronutrients.